Formulating with Salts in Cosmetics
Formulating with salts in cosmetics can produce superior results and set the formulation apart from others. Salts used in cosmetic formulations can thicken shampoo, give volume to hair, add shine to hair, cleanse the skin, brighten the skin, soothe the skin and help skin conditions.
First a formulator must get to know the salt properties and functions before incorporating it into a formula. Second is experiencing the salt in formulation. This post is on getting to know the salts.Continue reading
Cosmetic Formulating Blog Series | Testing the Formula
Now that we went over some of the basics of cosmetic formulating and how to build the formula, let’s go over testing the formula. Cosmetic formulation testing is an important step before going to market with your final product.
Adjusting the Formula
It is rare that you will have the exact product you want on your first try. Formulating is all about tweaking your formula till you get it exactly how you want it. It takes a lot of patience. Don’t get discouraged if it is not turning out how you want, as it may just take a little tweak to get it exactly where you want it!
When making changes to the formula, it is important you only make one adjustment at a time. It can be tempting to make several changes at once, but then you will not know which adjustment produced what kind of change. It is also important to allow time for the formulation to settle. Sometimes scents can take time to evolve and waxes to firm up.
pH stands for “potential for hydrogen” and is the system to measure acid and alkaline. Neutral pH is 7, anything below 7 is acidic and anything above 7 is alkaline. Water has a neutral pH. The more acidic or alkaline a product is, the more it will cause irritation to the skin. Generally the pH level for body and skin care products should be between 4.5- 6.0 and for hair care products between 4.0- 6.0.
There are a couple different ways one can test for pH. There are pH strips that are easy to use. The strips will give a range instead of the exact pH. A pH meter on the other hand will give you the exact pH and is more accurate. You will likely need to adjust the pH of your product and you can do this with natural ingredients.
It is important for you to keep excellent records and label your sample with several key information. This includes the date it was made, type of product, pH, and a reference number that links to the formulation in your lab notebook to refer to for more detailed information. That way you can return to your sample over the next several months to test its stability. You should test the pH, notice the scent and how it has evolved, and if there has been any separation or discoloration.
Testing for Bacteria, Yeast and Mold
Any product that contains water will need to be tested for bacteria, yeast and mold. There are different ways to test your product.
Plate counts test if there is bacteria, yeast and mold in your sample. It will not tell you how long your preservation system will be effective.
Challenge testing is performed at at one month or two months. Millions of bacteria, yeast and mold will be injected into the product and it will determine if your preservation system is effective.
Stability Testing will test how your product reacts to very hot and cold temperatures.
Testing and Preservation Resources
It is very important to test your product and not only for the stability of the skin or hair care product, but also for bacteria, yeast and mold, and if the preservation system is effective. At Joan Morais Naturals we provide extensive information on testing and preserving your body and hair care products naturally and effectively in our professional product making courses. For information on these courses check out the following:
Cosmetic Formulating Blog Series | Formulating Basics
Have you been making your own skin and/or hair care products? Or do you aspire to make your own? Developing a good, basic formula is a must. Cosmetic Formulating can be very confusing and overwhelming. At Joan Morais Naturals we have two in-depth courses on developing your own professional natural skin or hair care products. In these courses you will learn all about cosmetic formulating. In this blog series we will be exploring some of the basics about cosmetic formulating- what is it, how to build a formula, and testing your formulations.
The formula is basically your “blueprint” on how to make your product. It will include the percentages of the ingredients and specific instructions, the procedure on how to manufacture the formulation. Prior to building your formula, you should do research on the ingredients your using, their effect on the skin and hair and how they interact with other ingredients in the formula.
You will also need to decide your vision for your products. Do you want it to be organic, natural, and/or cruelty-free? While there is no specific definition for what is “natural” according to the cosmetic industry, there is a lot of information available on what can be considered “natural” etc. Do your research and develop your definition of natural to better clarify the ingredients you won’t allow in the formulation and the ones you will allow. There are standards for organic cosmetics that must be followed.
There are two different ways to measure ingredients- by volume or weight. Volume is using a liquid measuring cup and adding the ingredient to the cup. Weight is weighing the ingredient on the scale. You will also need to decide to measure in grams or ounces. Having accurate measurements is very important in order for you to replicate and have a consistent product. It is also important that you have reliable and accurate tools for measuring that will be consistent in your measurements. You also must pay attention to detail and make sure to write everything down in your lab notebook! Often you think you will remember, but you can easily forget!
Know Your Ingredients
As mentioned previously, it is very important to know your ingredients. You should know the purpose of each ingredient and how it looks, feels and smells. Also, how do your ingredients blend together? Do they have synergy? Synergy is when the whole is greater than the individual parts. When your ingredients are combined together, they should create a superior product.
Making Professional Natural Skin and Hair Care Products
As you can see, a lot goes into building a formula and all of this is before you even start putting your ingredients together. Some people just like to jump right in by experimenting with different combination of ingredients. There is nothing wrong with this method, however it is important for you to obtain the knowledge you need to produce a professionally-grade natural skin or hair care product. At Joan Morais Naturals, we offer two courses on making your own professional natural products. We have our Professional Natural Skin Care Product Making Course and our Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making Course. In these courses you will learn all about formulating, including more in-depth information on natural, organic, and cruelty-free cosmetics, how to measure with accuracy and consistency, and in-depth information on natural and organic ingredients and developing a synergy in your products.
Enrollment for our Spring 2018 our Professional Natural Skin Care Product Making Course and our Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making Course is happening NOW! Joan Morais will be mentoring these courses and they will include weekly module overviews where you can ask your questions on formulating and more! Enrollment for the Spring 2018 session ends on Friday, March 9th, 2018.
Have questions on our courses? Check out our Frequently Asked Questions for our Professional Natural Skin Care Product Making Course and our Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making Course or feel free to email us.
Join us for our next blog post as we go over building your formula!
Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making Course FAQs
Have you been thinking about making your own professional natural skin care products?
Not sure if the Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making Course is for you? Here are some frequently asked questions on the course which will hopefully help you better understand if this is the course for you.
How is this course provided?
The course is an in-depth online video-based training program that is entirely online-based learning and can be taken at your own pace. There is no expiration date and you have lifetime course access. Online courses are one of the best ways to learn because you can re-watch and re-learn the information, formulation procedures and watch the formulas being made as many times as you like and access the numerous resources.
What information is included in it?
The course includes information on making your own professional hair care product line including shampoo, conditioner and hair styling products, whether it is for personal use, a salon or to sell. The course covers the diversity of hair types and products for different hair types. You will learn about natural preservation, good manufacturing practices, product customization, product containers and labeling, pricing, etc. Click here for a full description of the course.
What does it mean that Joan is mentoring the course?
This is a self-guided online course that is always available, however Joan mentors the course one-two times a year.. That means Joan will assist you and answer all your questions throughout this mentored course. There will be weekly module overviews with 5 live group phone consultations. Course participants can ask any questions on cosmetic formulation; formulating and making skin and body care products, starting your own business or your current business. These consultation calls are not included in the regular non-mentored course. There is no extra fee for this mentorship, it is an added bonus for you to join when it works for you. You can participate in the guided and mentored course once but you will have continued lifetime course access to all the course materials.
Do I need to already be making my own products to take this course? What skill level is required?
You do not need to be making your own products to take this course, however this is designed for those serious in making natural skin and body care products for either personal use or for a business. This course is designed for most levels, from beginning to advance. Joan is very detailed with her tutorials, videos, and training manuals. You will have lifetime course access to all these course materials that you can watch, read and review as many times as you need in order to better understand it.
How long is the course?
During the guided and mentored course, there will be 8 weekly module overviews to help you keep a good pace to complete the course, however the length of time it takes you to complete the course is completely up to you. The course is self-guided and can be accessed at any time. There is no expiration date on when you need to complete it by. You will have lifetime course access. You will receive a certificate of completion when you have completed the course.
How long do I have access to this course?
You will have lifetime course access. You can access the course at any time, on any day. You can watch the videos over and over to assist you to make the formulations. For access to the course, sign into My Account located at the top right hand corner at www.joanmorais.com and click on the link to the classrooms. Life gets busy and sometimes it takes us away from our studying. But this course will be here for you when you are ready to return to it. Lifetime course access means you will have complete access to the course for as long as the course exists at Joan Morais Naturals.
Will I receive some kind of certification when I complete the course?
Yes, you will receive a pdf of your certificate of completion that you can print and proudly display when you have completed the course.
Will I be able to make my own hair care product line after taking this course?
Yes! This course provides in-depth information on making naturally preserved skin care products, good manufacturing practices, lab testing, product development, how to create a natural skin care line, raw material suppliers, product containers, labeling, ingredients, formulations and much, much more! We have many students from all around the world that go on to create their own professional skin care line after taking this course! Some of our students started out with Joan and still have a successful business going on for 10+ years.
When do I need to sign up in order to receive the mentorship by Joan?
The mentorship course dates will be posted on the website and an email will be sent out with the dates. Make sure and sign up to be on our email list (located on the homepage) and receive notification of the next session.
I don’t live in the United States, can I still take the course?
Yes! We have students from all over the world take our courses. The course is entirely online and self-guided and can be taken anywhere with sufficient access to the internet. All course instruction is in English and provides a variety of mediums including video, print, and a private Facebook community support group.
Do you offer any other Professional Natural Product Making Courses?
Yes! We have a Professional Natural Skin Care Product Making Course. Joan will be guiding and mentoring this course as well in the Fall 2018 and many of the same features above apply to this course in regards to skin care products.
I’m still not sure if this is the right course for me, what else can I do to make sure?
We highly recommend that you carefully review our information page on the Professional Natural Hair Care Product Making course. The review goes in-depth on the different areas of product making that will be taught. It also includes the table of contents for all training manuals that are provided. After reviewing all this information and you are still unsure, please feel free to email us with any specific questions you may have.
Happy Product-Making and hope to see you in our next course!